Replacing Missing Teeth
Your teeth affect your whole body. When they’re healthy, you’re healthier too. A missing tooth can affect your bite, speech and eating choices. As you rely more on your remaining teeth, you increase the chance they will wear out prematurely, or be damaged or lost.
Who would want their appearance and health to deteriorate? That’s the natural consequence of missing teeth — the jaw literally melts away. Generally, people will lose 25% of their supporting jawbone structure within the first year after tooth loss. Dental implants are more easily placed when teeth are first extracted because bone replacement becomes more complex as time passes. The great news? Implants act just like your natural teeth. They safeguard and preserve your bone structure, oral health and appearance. Your dentist and oral surgeons will provide you with options so that you can make the most informed decision concerning tooth replacement.
Tooth Replacement Options
You can select from a number of different options to replace your missing teeth — from temporary to long-lasting solutions.
A good candidate is anyone missing one or more teeth. Age is not a factor. However, smoking, diabetes, and radiation therapy to the area have been shown to lower the success rate of implant placement. X-rays of your jaw will be taken to evaluate whether they will accommodate implants.
A fixed bridge is a connected set of replacement teeth. For support, it is cemented into position on top of the teeth adjacent to the empty space. The protective outer layer of these teeth is ground down prior to attaching the bridge.
A temporary and inexpensive solution is a removable plastic tooth with a plastic retainer, often called a “flipper”.
Removable Partial Denture
A another option is a removable partial denture that is made of metal and plastic. It is held in place by wire clips. A removable partial denture is removed and reinserted by the patient.
The most common solution for people missing all teeth (in one or both jaws) are complete dentures. Some people adapt well to dentures. Others find them uncomfortable, even intolerable, because they do not stay in place.
Dental implants are the most comfortable and permanent solution. They form a strong foundation for teeth, just like the roots of a tooth, and keep the jaw healthy and strong. Implants support individual replacement teeth or secure specialized dentures in place. Unlike bridges, no healthy teeth are damaged. Unlike most bridges, implants can last a lifetime. Implant-supported replacement teeth can be attractive, stable, and comfortable for almost any patient.
Why Select Dental Implants Over More Traditional Types Of Restorations?
There are several reasons: A dental bridge will sacrifice the structure of surrounding good teeth to bridge the space of the missing tooth/teeth. Also, removing a denture or a “partial” at night may be inconvenient, not to mention dentures that slip can be uncomfortable and rather embarrassing.
What Are Dental Implants?
A natural tooth consists of a root and a crown. If you compare natural teeth to implant-supported replacement teeth, you’ll see they have the same basic parts. Both have a crown (the visible part used to chew food). Both have a root that holds the tooth securely under the gum and is anchored into the jaw. The difference is that the implant is made of titanium – the same time-tested material used by orthopedic surgeons for artificial joints. When you lose a tooth, you lose both the root and the crown. To replace the tooth, the oral surgeon first replaces the root with a small dental implant.
Time is allowed for bone to heal and grow around the dental implant. The bone bonds with the titanium, creating a strong foundation for artificial teeth. A post (abutment) is then placed on the implant and a new replacement tooth (crown) is placed on top of the abutment. In some cases a temporary replacement tooth can be attached to the implant immediately after it is placed. If all of your teeth are missing, a variety of treatment options are available to support the replacement teeth.
“Don’t be afraid to Smile.”
For years I’d felt like a part of my body was missing — because my teeth were. My dentist told me that dental implants would make me feel and look a lot better. OK, I said. Now, I’m thrilled. I can smile, eat anything, and enjoy a good laugh with my friends.
Using the most recent advances in dental implant technology, Dr. Parmer and Dr. Macholl are able to place single-stage implants. These implants do not require a second procedure to uncover them, but do require three months of healing time before the teeth are placed. There are even situations where the dental implant can be placed at the same time as the tooth extraction – further minimizing your number of surgical procedures.
Dental implant placement is a team effort between an oral and maxillofacial surgeon and a general dentist. Dr. Parmer and Dr. Macholl will perform the actual implant surgery, initial tooth extractions, and bone grafting if necessary. The general dentist (your dentist) fits and makes the permanent crown.