Bone Morphogenetic Protein
Bone morphogenic protein (BMP) is naturally occurring protein that induces specific cells in our body to form new bone. This protein has now been synthetically produced, thus allowing bone grafting to be done the same way the body builds bone.
During surgery, the BMP is soaked onto and binds with a collagen sponge. The sponge is then designed to resorb, or disappear, over time. As the sponge dissolves, the bone morphogenic protein stimulates the cells to produce new bone. The BMP also goes away once it has completed its task of jump starting the normal bone healing process.
Since there is no need to harvest bone from the patient, BMP recipients are spared harvesting bone from a donor site. Pain and possible complications from the graft harvest site are eliminated with the use of bone morphogenic protein.